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[Research_Sa_String_Theory_And_Mtheory|String theory]]' has proved to be mathematically very rich, and in the last decade has given rise to a whole new area of research, known as holographic duality. The basic idea of holographic duality is that theories of the type that are used in the Standard Model can be equivalently described in an entirely different, geometric way - the "holographic dual" - by using string theory in higher dimensional space-time.

Holographic duality has shed an entirely new light on the quark confinement problem and has deepened our understanding of the quark gluon plasma. Most recently, its applications have expanded to condensed matter physics and the understanding of quantum criticality and superconductivity.

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3 Jan 2017

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